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Mental Development

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Read here free and updated study notes of Child Development and Pedagogy for CTET Exam.

 

CTET 2017 Exam Study Notes: Mental Development

Dear Readers,

Child Development and Pedagogy play an important role in securing your success in teaching exams like CTET 2017 Exam. Keeping in view the importance of Child Development and Pedagogy, today we are sharing a post on Mental Development. Read the article for your sure success in upcoming CTET 2017 Exam. 

 Mental Development

Certain patterned responses are inherent in mental development. In this, behaviour becomes manifest through association and reaction. In the child’s responses, sensation, perception, memory, imagination and reasoning manifest its mental behaviour.


1. Mental Development During Infancy:- In infancy, the sense organs form the major source of mental development. The child perceives every object in the environment and tries to recognise and identify it. He comes into contact with members of the family and his own toys. At this stage, mental growth is very rapid. By the age of three years, the foundation for the potential growth of the individual is already firmly laid.


2. Mental Development During Childhood:- Even in childhood, mental growth continues at a rapid pace. At this stage, reflex actions and instincts develop in the child. The child seeks to satisfy his insatiable curiosity by asking an infinite variety of questions of his parents. His interests also grow in number and extents. He develops an interest in reading short and interesting stories.




3. Mental Development During Adolescence:- In adolescence, the mental development of the child requires proper guidance. At this stage, parents and teachers must fulfil the very important responsibility of giving a sense of direction to the child after determining the level of the adolescent’s mental growth. In adolescents, mental growth is indicated by the following factors -


(i) Concentration- In adolescence, the individual develops the .capacity to concentrate attention upon any object or subject and to indulge in abstract thinking. The impishness of childhood disappears and is replaced by seriousness. The individual is less prone to be distracted by external circumstances, and hence his concentration is not so easily disturbed as it is in the case of the child.
(ii) Retention- The adolescent has a developed memory, and the capacity for permanent retention also increases. Girls usually develop a superior capacity to cram, as compared to boys.
(iii) Imagination- In this stage, imagination develops considerably and it is on the basis of imagination that the adolescent develops his internal powers. There is a noticeable increase in daydreaming. The power of imagination is relatively better developed in boys than in girls.
(iv) Reasoning Power- Because of the growth of rational thought, the adolescent refuses to accept anything illogical. He displays a strong tendency to ask questions on every possible issue.

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DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET: Mental Development
Mental Development
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