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Psychology and Education

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  CHAPTER- 1. PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION The word psychology is derived from two Latin words psyche + Logus. Psyche means soul, Logus...

 

CHAPTER- 1. PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION

The word psychology is derived from two Latin words psyche + Logus. Psyche means soul, Logus means science.

Definitions of Psychology

Kolesnik W.B. - “Psychology is the science of human behaviour.”
Skinner C.E. - “Psychology deals with reactions to every kind of situations that life precsents. By response of behaviour is meant all forms of reactions, adjustments, activities and experiences.

Fundamental characteristics of psychology-

1. Positive science- Psychology is a positive science. In it, the effect of action-reaction, causes and effect relationship and consequences can be observed.
2. Cognitive science- In psychology, such cognitive activities, as, remembering, imagination, forgetting, emotions and sensations are studied.
3. Psychological being- Psychology studies the individual as a psychological being.
4. Related to environment- Psychology is related to the environment. It also studies to the response of the environment. It makes a study of man’s physical and social behaviour.
5. Studies human and animal, both- Psychology studies the behaviour of not only of human beings, but also of animals.

What is Education?

Kolesnik- “Education is the development of the inherent human powers of potentialities.”
Mahatma Gandhi- “By education, I mean, an alround drawing out of the best in the child and man-body, mind and spirit.”

What Is Educational Psychology?

W.B. Kolesnik - “Educational Psychology is the application of the findings and the theories of psychology in the field of education.”
Importance of Educational Psychology
1. Child-centred education
2. Change in the methods of teaching
3. Curriculum
4. Time-table
5. Co-curriculer activities
6. Discipline
7. Healthy environment
8. Research
9. Formation of opinion on educational problems
10. Measurement and evaluation
11. An aid in achieving educational objectives
12. Emphasis upon individual differences
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DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET: Psychology and Education
Psychology and Education
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