Africa Continent and It's Countries:

Africa stands next only to Asia in size. The African continent is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea and from Asia by the Red Sea. Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. One third part of the Africa continent is desert. The Sahara Desert of North Africa is the largest desert in the world. The highest temperature in the world has been recorded at Al-Aziziyah in Libya as 58°C. Africa is responsible for more than half the world’s gold production. More than 95% of the world’s diamond production also comes from Africa. Thus it leads the countries of the world in the gold and diamond alongwith platinum. The ostrich, a large, fast running bird is found in Kalahari desert. The Equator passes half - way through the continent, so that the northern half of Africa lies in the Northern Hemisphere while the Southern half is in the Southern Hemisphere Suez Canal separates Africa from Asia

1. Land of Forests - Zaire:- Zaire was ruled by Belgium for a long time and became independent country in 1960. Kinshasa is the capital of Zaire
2. Land of Palm Oil - Nigeria:- It is the world’s largest exporter of palam kernels, palm oil and groundnuts. Lagos is the capital city of Nigeria.

3. The Gift of the Nile:- the Arab Republic of Egypt:- The Arab Republic of Egypt is situated at the junction of two continents, namely, Africa and Asia. Egypt is a part of the Great Sahara Desert which occupies nearly half the northern part of Africa. A very small part of Egypt lies in Asia. Nile rivet is in Egypt and the longest river of the world. Its source lies in Lake Victoria. Aswan dam is built on the Nile river. It is the Suez Canal which has put Egypt on the world map of international trade. This canal was cut across the isthmus which separates Africa and Asia. It now links the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. The opening of the-canal in 1869 shortened the voyage from Bombay to London by more than 7,000 kilometres. Kahira is the capital of Egypt. Cotton is the cash crop of Egypt. No wonder the Egyptians consider their land the gift of the Nile ! Nile river was in the possession of British and French but the Egypt nationalised it in 1956. Now the European countries are able to link themselves straight with Australia.

4. Land of Gold and Diamonds - South Africa:- South Africa is the leading producer of gold and diamonds in the world. The gold mines are near Johannesburg and diamond mines are in Kimberly. The Merino, sheep of South Africa are famous for their fine wool. South Africa is next only to Australia in the export of wool. This country has been remained under the system of apartheid. Pretoria is the administrative capital while Cape Town is legislative capital.

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DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET: Africa Continent and It's Countries
Africa Continent and It's Countries
DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET
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