India and Her Neighbours:

1. SAARC:- India is situated in the southern part of Asia. South Asian”Association for Regional C.ooperation (SAARC) has been formed in 1985 in Dhaka. SAARC comprises of seven countries namely, India, Nepal, SriLanka, Maldiv, Pakistan, Bhutan & Bangla Desh. Its head office is in Kathmandu (Nepal).

2. India and China:- China has not been a colony of any foreign power. Communist Revolution in 1949 happened in China. Conflict over northern boundary took place and china invaded India in 1962. The name of boundary line between China and India is “MacMohan” line.

3. India and Bhutan:- Bhutan is a Buffer State. Its foreign and defence policy depends upon India.

4. India and Pakistan:- In 1947 Pakistan was created as a result of partition. Till now Pakistan has invaded India in 1948, 1965 and 1971. Pakistan has occupied a part of Kashmir. A Pakistan citizen ‘Khan Abdul Gfiaffar Khan’ played a key role in Indian freedom struggle. He is also called ‘Frontier Gandhi.’ He was rightly honoured with India’s Highest Civic award ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1987. This honour was awarded then first time to any foreigner but after him another foreigner, the president of South Africa Dr. Nelson Mandela also has been honoured with this prize.

‘Taskand Agreement’ between Lai Bahadur Shastri and then Pakistan Prime Minister Ayub Khan took place in Russia inJanuary 1966 and the War of 1965 ended. Due to ‘Shimla Agreement’ in . 1972 between Smt. Indira Gandhi and the then Pakistan Prime Minister Bhutto brought the end of 1971 war.

5. India and SriLanka:- SriLanka is predominantly a Buddhist country. Mahendra and Sanghamitra, the son and daughter of Emperor Ashoka had gone to SriLanka to spread the message of Buddha there. Plenty of Indian origin Tamils live, in Sri Lanka which want a separate country. India provided her good offices to arrive at a solution under an agreement between the two countries in July 1987. Rajiv Gandhi and the then Sri Lankan Prime Minister Julias JaiVerdhne signed this agreement. The Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was sent to Sri Lanka to resolve the ethnic problem. The Liberation Tamil Tiger Eelam (LTTE) is a terrorist group in Sri Lanka led by V. Prabhakaran.

6. India and Bangladesh:- Before the Independence of Bangladesh in 1973, and before Indo-Pak war of 1971 Bangladesh was the part of Pakistan (East Pakistan). Muziber Rehman became the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh. He was assassinated.

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DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET: India and Her Neighbours
India and Her Neighbours
DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET
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