Study Notes India

Study Notes India from 200 B.C. to 300 A.D. :

North India:- In the north, a number of foreigners came in waves between the years 200 B.C. and 100 A.D. These were Greeks (also called Indo Greeks), Shakas and Kushanas:-
1. The Greeks:- .After Ashoka Greeks invaded India and won Sind-Punjab. A great impact of Greek culture fall on Indian culture and they brought Greek Sculpture to India and thus India also adopted this Gandhar Style of Art. Indian astrologers achieved great knowledge from Greek astrologers
2. The Shakas:- After Greeks, the Shakas invaded India and over ran Western India (Gujrat-Malwa). They had come from Central Asia.
3. The Kushanas:-
(i) In 100 B.C. the Kushanas, who came from Central Asia invaded India. Kanishka was the most famous of the Kushan Kings. He started ‘Shaka Era’ in 78 A. D. in India. His capital was, Purushpur
(Peshawar). Kanishka had adopted Buddhism. He had worked for the expansion of Mahayana branch of Buddhism. Because of him Buddhism reached Central Asia. Kushana Dynasty ended in about 300 A.D.
(ii) During his reign (78 A.D. -118 A.D.) the Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Kundal Van in Kashmir which was presided over by Ashvaghosh.
(iii) In the art of sculpture there were Gandhara style, Mathura style, Nagar style and Raj Singh Style. Gandhra style was the mixture of Indo-Greek styles of sculpture. First Buddha’s statue was made through Gandhra style.
(iv). The Jataka Tales are the accounts- of the events happened before Buddha’s birth. There are many (549) stories about the Bodhisattvas in the Jataka Tales. The people who worshiped Bodhisatvas were called Mahyani.
(v). A very strong and brave tribe, ‘Hunas’ invaded Kushanas and Guptas.
(vi). In the kingdom of Kanishka there were two scholars and Medical Experts in Ayurveda, namely Charaka and Sushrut by whom two books Charak Samhita and Sushrut Samhita were written. These books belong to surgery.
(vii). The famous-dramatist, Ashavaghosha was contemporary to Kanishka.
South Indian Kingdoms of this age:-
1. In about 300 B.C. there were three kingdoms in South India-(i) The Cholas whose centre was Tanjore near Madras (Koromandal). (ii) The Pandyas whose centre was at Madurai and, (iii) The Cheras along the Malabar Coast or Kerala.
2. Our knowledge of these three South Indian kingdoms, is based on literature called the ‘Sangam Literature’. That time’s Tamil poems are called Sangam. Sangam Literature is in Tamil Language.
The Satavahanas:-
1. In South India most important Kingdom was the Satavahanas. One of their great ruler was the son of Gautami, Satakarni, who was described as the Lord of the West. He fought against the king of Kalinga. The Satavahana kingdom acted as a bridge between North India and South India.
2. In this ancient period on the west coast, the port of Broach (Gujarat) was used by ships coming from Persia, Iraq, Arabia and Egypt.
3. The Ajanta and Elora cave temples in Maharashtra which are related to Buddhist, started to built in the period of Satavahanas.
4. Arikamedu (Pondichery) near Madras was the famous centre of Roman Trading. Roman traders carried spices and birds and animals from here. Because of this exchange, India became very rich as we got a large quantity of gold from Rome.
5. This dynasty is also remembered for introducing lead coins.

Stuyd Notes on World History

Want to know more

Please fill in the details below:



admit-card,10,Answer Key,4,answer-key,1,Child Development,39,Child Pedagogy,39,CLAT Coaching,1,CLAT Coaching Classes,1,CLAT Coaching Delhi,1,CTET,20,CTET Coaching,1,ctet coaching centre delhi,1,ctet coaching in delhi,1,ctet previous paper,1,ctet previous year solved paper,1,CTET Question Papers,1,CTET QUIZ,32,CTET-2017,1,Cut Off,5,DSSSB,58,DSSSB Coaching,6,DSSSB Exam,2,DSSSB Teachers,5,DSSSB Teachers Selection,1,Educational Psychology,5,Eligibility,1,English Grammar,3,English-Pedagogy,19,EVS Pedagogy,2,EVS-Pedagogy,6,EXAM,1,Exams,3,Featured,21,General Science-Biology,1,Guest Teachers,1,Hall Ticket,1,Hindi,3,Imp-Tips,4,job alerts,1,KVS,11,kvs online recruitment 2018,1,kvs teacher recruitment 2018,1,kvs tgt pgt recruitment 2018,1,Latest Article,6,Latest Articles,12,Latest-Articles,28,Mock test,33,MOCK TEST-DSSSB QUIZ,1,NCF,104,Notification,21,Notifications,1,PGT,2,PRT,4,Quant Notes,4,Question Paper,1,Reasoning,2,Religious-Social,1,Results,8,Revision of the Day,15,SST- Geography,12,SST-Civics and Economics,12,SST-History,27,Study Notes,38,Syllabus,18,Teachers Vacancies,2,TGT,1,Vacancy,1,
DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET: India from 200 B.C. to 300 A.D. :
India from 200 B.C. to 300 A.D. :
Study Notes India from 200 B.C. to 300 A.D. : North India: - In the north, a number of foreigners came in waves between the years 200 B.C. and 100 A.D.
DSSSB, CTET & KVS Exam Preparation | Clear CTET
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy