How to become a Primary and high School Government Teacher in India?

How to become a Primary and high School Government Teacher in India - Selection Procedure

Teachers are the pillars of development in a society. It’s on their soldiers that the prosperity of a future workforce is dependent and hence it becomes one of the most important jobs of the country making. The Government of India has from time to time given more emphasis on bringing about more jobs to the teaching field. Subsequently, many jobs have been created for the teachers.

Overview of Government School Teacher Selection

Check the following table for more understanding of the Government school teacher overview:

Primary Teachers
Trained Graduate Teachers
Post Graduate Teachers
Criteria of Eligibility to become a Teacher
D. ED or Equivalent Teaching course such as BTC or NTT or B. L. Ed
Must to have a B. ED degree
Post-Graduation combined with M. Ed
Teaching classes
Pre Nursery to Class 5
Class 6 to Class 10
Intermediate, 10+2
Structure of Salary
Pay Band 9,300-34,800
Plus 4200 Grade Pay
Pay Band 9,300-34,800
Plus 4600 Grade Pay
Pay Band 9,300-34,800
Plus 4800 Grade Pay
Required Documents
CTET, Class XII Passing certificate
Graduation certificate, B.ED Certificate
PG certificate, B.ED or any other

Classification of Government School Teachers

In India, the teaching Profession is quite diverse. If one tries to divide the procedure of becoming teachers in a Government Institution, there can be possibly 2 stages, which are:
1.      College Level – Professors, Assistant and Associate Professors

2.      School Level – Post Graduate Teachers (PGT), Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT) and Primary Teachers (PRT)

We need to attend more on the School level which can be further divided into PGT, TGT and PRT teachers.

Process of Selection of Government School Teachers

The Process of Selection of Government school Teachers is quite diverse and well suitable in our country. While the responsibility of selection of Professors in entirely into the hands of the Central Government, the Selection of Government school teachers lie completely with the state governments barring some schools of MHRD. The state government conducts various tests to select a candidate for the government school teaching profession, the eligibility criteria of which has been given here:

Eligibility Criteria for Selection of Government Teachers

The following education criterions must be followed by the candidates to seek the job of Government teachers in the government schools:

For Primary Teachers (PRT)

·         The candidates must have completed class XII examination from any board or equivalent State board with at least 60% marks in aggregate.

·         They must have degree of compulsory two year course in D. Ed for teachers training in any reputed training school duly recognised by the Directorate of Education, Delhi Government.

·         They must have qualified the centrally conducted Central Teachers Eligibility Test (CTET).
·         If the candidates have completed all the above mentioned criterions, they should appear for the examinations of filling vacancies by their respective state governments.

For Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT)

·         The candidates must have completed class XII examination from any board or equivalent State board with at least 60% marks in aggregate.

·         The candidates should possess the graduation degree in any stream from a UGC Certified college in any stream. They must have acquired first degree for special preference.

·         They should have done a compulsory two year course in Bachelor for Education (B. Ed) for from any college recognised by the Delhi board.

·         Only those candidates who have completed the B. Ed degree can take examination for the TGT recruitment.

For Post Graduate Teachers (PGT)

·         The aspirants should have cleared the graduation from a recognised university by UGC in any stream.

·         They must have done masters’ degree in the same subject from a recognised university.

·         They should have done a compulsory two year course in Bachelor for Education (B. Ed) for from any college recognised by the Delhi board. Apart from that they must have completed the M. Ed in the same subject.

·         They should either have done M. Ed or M.A. in any subject followed by M. Ed to be able to fill for the PGT Vacancies released by their respective states.

Salaries and Emoluments of Government School Teachers

The salaries and other emoluments of the government school teachers are subject to change and hence cannot be written here. But we can analyse the starting salaries of the government school teachers to assert the level of lucrative job this is. Check out the following teachers to understand the level of payment they receive for their service:

Types of Teachers of Government School
Pay Band
Expected Salaries
A Principle
Pay Band 9,300-34,800Plus 4800 Grade Pay
A Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)
Pay Band 9,300-34,800Plus 4800 Grade Pay
Rs.60,000 – Rs.80,000
A Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT)
Pay Band 9,300-34,800Plus 4600 Grade Pay
Rs.40,000 – Rs.60,000
A Primary Teacher (PRT)
Pay Band 9,300-34,800Plus 4200 Grade Pay
Rs.30,000 - Rs.40,000

Ø  Apart from these, a government School teacher who have been assigned a duty far from his/her home town or village can also be given a home to reside at that place.

Opportunities for Government School Teacher’s Aspirants

The candidates who want to be the strongest pillars of the society – the teachers, have various options to ply for in the government sectors. The following are the institutions where they can apply for the job of government school teachers –

State Government School Teachers

Every State Government releases  application form for the recruitment of teachers into their government schools. The application form are not continuous which means that they are not released every year by the State government and hence, the candidates should take the full advantage of the opportunities provided to them by the State Government.  To be able to fill the application form for the State Government schools, the candidates must all the eligibility  criteria prescribed in the article above as well as the extra credentials asked by the Government at the time of release of the notification. Sometimes the Government also releases notifications seeking application for the mentioned jobs and hence do not require any recruitment examinations to be conducted. In that case, the candidates need to submit an application form and wait to be shortlisted in them.

Navodaya Vidyalaya School Teachers

Navodaya Vidyalaya Schools (NVS) are one of the finest schools of the country which is run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti through a corrigendum of the MHRD. The Samiti conducts recruitment for any number of posts in the Navodaya Vidyalayas situated at any part of the country.
The candidates should visit the official website of NVS for any update on the same.

Kendriya Vidyalaya School Teachers

Every year, the teacher aspirants wait for this highly prestigious opening to be made and hence there is a great deal of hustle and bustle for the same. The selection process often be a three step process, the complete details of which would only be available when the official notification gets released. The three tier selection process will include:
·         Written Examination
·         Personal Interview
·         Medical Test

The candidates should note that the KVS will release the official application form on their official website. Once the application form is released, the candidates will require visiting the official website and filling the application form by furnishing the details asked in there. The candidates will then require to pay the application fee either through online process or through the bank challan.

Municipal Corporation Schools

Often the recruitment of teachers at the Municipal Corporation schools are done by the state government but sometimes the Municipal Corporations also conduct their recruitment on their own. Hence the candidates should follow the recruitment notice on our website to able to fill the application form when available.

Visit Clear CTET for more information on Teacher recruitment. 

Team Clear Ctet.
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Clear CTET - Coaching Institute for CTET, DSSSB and KVS: How to become a Primary and high School Government Teacher in India?
How to become a Primary and high School Government Teacher in India?
Read here the selection procedure on how to become a government school teacher in India.
Clear CTET - Coaching Institute for CTET, DSSSB and KVS
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