Our National Symbols


Our National Symbols: Our own flag— ‘ The Tri-Colour ’, the National Anthem—‘ Jana Gana Mana ’ and the emblem—‘ Lion Capitol of Ashoka Pi...

Our National Symbols:

Our own flag— ‘The Tri-Colour’, the National Anthem—‘Jana Gana Mana’ and the emblem—‘Lion Capitol of Ashoka Pillar’ are our three national symbols.
(1) National Flag:- Three weeks before India got indpedence, i.e. on’ 22 July 1947, the Constituent Assembly approved the National Flag. The ratio of its length and breadth is 3:2. It means that its shape is rectangular. The top-most strip is of deep saffron colour. The middle strip is pure white. In , the centre of the white stripe is a circular wheel (chakra) of navy blue colour. It has 24 spokes in it. This Chakra has taken from Ashoka Pillar of Sarnath. The lowest strip is dark green. When the National Flag is carried in a procession it shall be on the right shoulder and infront of the Centre. The National Flag should always be flown between the Sun rising and the Sun set. It should always be taken down in the evening, i.e. at Sunset. On 22 July 1947 ‘Ashok Chakra’ instead of Charkha in the middle was proposed by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and accepted. From 1931, 26 April is observed as National Flag Day.
(2) The National Anthem:- Our National Anthem was composed by poet Rabinder Nath Tagore. The complete poem has five stanzas but only the first stanza has been adopted as the National Anthem. It is sung in 52 seconds.
(3) The National Emblem:- Has been taken from the pillar of Sarnath in Varansi which was built by emperor Ashoka. The base of pillar shows a horse to the left, a bull to the right, and a wheel in between. The chakra is the symbol of dharma in this Emblem. The crest shows three lions, in fact there are four lions Below the crest, is inscribed the motto, written in Devnagari script—
Satyameva Jayate’. This emblem can be seen on all currency notes and coins. This is the emblem of the Government of India and also the seal of the Government of India.

Some Other facts:-
(1) There are 22 Indian Languages provided in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
(2) Under article 352 of the Constitution President can declare national emergency in case of internal rebellion or external aggression or armed rebellion.
(3) Under article 356, President can declare emergency in any of the provinces in case of failure of constitutional machinery.
(4) In case of financial instability, emergency can be declared under article 360.
(5) The Constitution is amended under article 368 of the Constitution.

(6) Under article 370 Jammu and Kashmir has ben provided special status.


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CLEAR CTET: Our National Symbols
Our National Symbols
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